Kannur region got its name from the area of its base camp at Kannur town. The old name 'Cannanore' is the anglicized type of the Malayalam word Kannur. As indicated by one assessment, 'Kannur' is an induction from Kanathur, an antiquated town, the name of which endures even today in one of the wards of Kannur Municipality. Another adaptation is that Kannur may have accepted its name from one of them, divinities of the Hindu pantheon, a compound of two words, Kannan (Lord Krishna) and Ur (place) making it the spot of Lord Krishna. In this specific circumstance, it merits referencing that the divinity of the Katalayi Sreekrishna sanctuary was initially introduced in a hallowed place at Katalayi Kotta in the southeastern piece of the present Kannur town.
Kannur was a significant exchanging focus in the twelfth century, with dynamic business associations with Persia and Arabia. It filled in as the British military central command on India's west coast until 1887. The cutting edge town is alluded to as Kannur Town. Kannur, as a region and encompassing zones, was for the most part administered by the well known Kolathiri Rajas (Kings). At the point when the province of Kerala was shaped the locale took the name Kannur since the managerial workplaces were built up here. Prior to that, Kannur was under the Chirakkal taluk of Madras state under British standard. At the point when the British overwhelmed this piece of the world, they favored Madras and Cochin as their significant stations and Kannur began to lose its old greatness. The individuals of Kannur are as yet trusting that their old greatness will get back and they believe they are being sidelined in light of the fact that the state organization has found the specific inverse side of the state. Some portion of the first city of Kannur was under Kerala's just Muslim Royalty called Arakkal and this zone is as yet known as a city.
St. Angelo Fort was founded in 1505 by Dom Francisco de Almeida, the principal Portuguese Viceroy of India. The Dutch caught the stronghold from the Portuguese in 1663. They modernized the fortress and fabricated the bastions Hollandia, Zeelandia, and Frieslandia that are the significant highlights of the current structure. The first Portuguese post was pulled down later. Artistic creation of this stronghold and the angling ship behind it very well may be found in the Rijksmuseum Amsterdam. The Dutch offered the fortress to ruler Ali Raja of Arakkal in 1772. During the seventeenth century, Kannur was the capital city of the main Muslim Sultanate in Kerala, known as Arakkal. Then the British vanquished it in 1790 and utilized it as one of their significant military stations on the Malabar Coast. During the British Raj, Kannur was a piece of the Madras territory in the North Malabar District.
The guerrilla war by Pazhassi Raja, the leader of the Kottayam region, against the British hugely affected the historical backdrop of Kannur. Changes in the financial and political divisions in Kerala during the underlying many years of the twentieth century made conditions harmonious for the development of the Communist Party. Expansion of English instruction started by Christian preachers in 1906 and later conveyed forward by the administration, defiance for wearing a piece of fabric to cover upper pieces of the body, introducing an icon at Aruvippuram in 1888, Malayali Memorial in 1891, the foundation of SNDP Yogam in 1903, exercises, battles and so on got factors accommodating to quicken changes in Kerala society during a brief timeframe. Developments for freedom from the frontier rule of the British government and battles propelled by these developments developed with them.
Very soon, thoughts regarding communism and the Soviet Revolution came to Kerala. Such thoughts got engendered in Kerala through crafts by Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, Sahodaran Ayyappan, P. Kesavadev, and others. By the start of the 1930s, some other valuable advancements were occurring. Significant among them was Nivarthana Agitation in Travancore. That was the interest of individuals stifled so far as untouchables and more fragile areas for investment in government. This brought to the front line battles like the corresponding portrayal in government and reservation of occupations. This bestowed another energy among persecuted masses.
Places in Kannur:
The impeccably unspoiled Payyabalam beach is adorned with sparkling pearls of golden sand and foamy white waves of the Arabian Sea. The highlight of Kannur and one of the many beautiful beaches of Kerala, the Payyabalam beach has an incredibly peaceful and inviting aura. Unwind after a long week by relaxing at this remarkable seashore and find yourself mesmerized by its elegant beauty and contagious calm. The approach to the beach is through a small crossover bridge that is built over a narrow canal. To the right of the bridge are the memorials of Kannur's important political personalities that had passed away over the recent decades.
Palm trees and casuarinas embellish the shores like an alluring garland in various shades of green. This pristine golden beach is not only great for relaxing and revitalizing yourself, but also for boating, swimming, and thrilling adventure activities! The rhythmic dance of the turquoise waters is so inviting that you are bound to be tempted to take a dip. Boating and indulging in some adventure sports will allow you to wade deeper into these alluring waters. The Payyamballam Beach spreads its reach for about 4 kms and is nothing short of paradise on earth.
St. Angelo Fort
Built by the first Portuguese Viceroy in India, Don Francesco de Almeida (1505), St. Angelo’s Fort is among the most historic sites in Kannur. This massive triangular laterite structure is flanked by gigantic bastions that make for an imposing sight. It changed hands between the Dutch and eventually the British, who would remodel and reequip it into their primary military stronghold in Malabar.
Mopilla Bay and Dharamadam Island are among the primary attractions here. Mopilla Bay is a natural harbour and the fort offers a wonderful view of it along with a sea wall projecting from the fort separating the rough sea and inland water. Dharamadam Island, barely 5 acres in area, is 100 m from the mainland and a favourite haunt of tourists. People come to the fort for relaxing strolls and just a brilliant view of the Arabian Sea.
Muzhappilangad Drive-in Beach
Muzhappilangad Beach is famous for being Kerala's only drive-in beach. At about 7km from Thalassery in Kannur, you have a 4 km stretch of sand that awaits you to simply drive along as you soak in the view of the beautiful Malabar Coast. Along the way, one gets to munch on delicacies from a number of shacks that offer authentic Malabar cuisine. It is often considered a swimmers paradise as the black rocks protect the beach from deep currents. This is a perfect way to relax and soak in this clean and well maintained beach. One can also partake in adventure sports like paragliding, parasailing and micro light flights along with water sports, power boating or a simple catamaran ride.
Aaralam Wildlife Sanctuary
Spread over a 55 sq. km area of forests on the Western Ghats, the Aralam Wildlife Sanctuary is among the finest of its kind in Kerala. It plays host to an exotic array of flora and fauna and is among the most picturesque locations in Kannur district. The entire area is covered in tropical and semi evergreen forests and is a truly riveting sight.
One can catch sight of herds of elephants, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, barking deer, Nilgiri Langur, Hanuman Langur and the Malabar Giant Squirrel. It is also famous for the vast amount of butterfly species found here. Most of these are endemic to the Western Ghats. The forest is peaceful and many trekking options are available as well.
Aralam village itself houses the famous Central State Farm, a government of India initiative built in 1971. This is one of the main production centres of hybrid coconut seeds in the country. A visit to the sanctuary is incomplete without visiting the great Katti Betta, the tallest peak in the area, which is 1145 high.
Parassinikkadavu Snake Park
Regarded as one of the finest snake sanctuaries of Asia, the Parassinikadavu Snake Park is the pride of the south. It is one of the most prominent reptile preservation centres in the country and is the only one in Kerala. The Parassinikadavu Snake Park is home to over 150 different species of reptiles like crocodiles, monitor lizards and snakes- both venomous and non-venomous. Not only reptiles and amphibians, but this snake park also goes a long way to preserve and protect many wild mammals, marine creatures as well as rare avifauna- both endemic and migratory.
The establishment of Parassinikadavu Snake Park was an initiative of the Visha Chikista Kendra, a medical institution that offers diagnosis and treatment of snakebites. The main motto behind establishing this park was to clarify undue superstitions about snakes, educate the common man about these species and create the right awareness among them. Each enclosure of the different species of animals has a brief description of their habitat, moods, peculiarities and interesting titbits that educate the visitors about these exotic and truly extraordinary species. Visiting this park is an absolute treat for the wildlife enthusiasts and animal lovers. You will be stunned by the unique and admirable traits of many of the park's inhabitants and will undoubtedly be left in awe of nature's wondrous creations.
The Arakkal Museum in Kannur city is one of the most significant and frequently visited attractions of the south that celebrates the memory and grandeur of Kerala's only Muslim royal family- the Arakkal Ali Rajas. Previously a majestic palace of the royal family and their actual place of residence, this museum is a true testimony to the impeccable Muslim architecture and design. The Durbar Hall of this palace, which was once the official venue of gathering for the kings and their nobles, has now been converted into the Arakkal Kettu Museum and is managed by the Arakkal Family Trust.
Many artefacts dating to the rule of the Arakkal Dynasty and various relics of the royals are put up on display at this museum. Entering the Arakkal Museum, you feel like you have been teleported to the 1600s- the entire palace oozes with sheer elegance and polished grace. The artefacts and heritage items of the Arakkal Dynasty have been maintained perfectly here and will never fail to stun you with their ostentatious grace and awe-striking class.
Madayipara is an extremely beautiful laterite plateau which narrates unique tales of vibrant hues in each season. This beautiful landscape creates wonders in colors. While the rain cloaks the place in a lush green blanket, the Summer brings with it the shades of the sun and Spring makes it a sea of blue.
Spreading across an area of 700 acres, this hillock in Kannur district is a blend of beauty and history. Along with its picturesque landscapes, it also has an ancient fort called the Madayi Fort built by the Vallabha King of the Kolothu dynasty and a Jew pond, the remains of the ancient Jew settlers.
Madayipara is an ecological paradise rich with wide species of flora and fauna. It has a rare collection of insect- eating plants. It is also home to hundreds of bird and butterfly species and a pond in the shape of a handheld mirror. The place has religious significance as well. The Madayi Kavu that hosts the Pooram festival and the Vadukunda Shiva Temple makes this place a favourite pilgrim destination.
Located about 100 m away from the pristine shores of Dharmadom Beach, Dharmadom Island has turned into favourite for tourists seeking a secluded and tranquil picnic spot. This uninhabited island is covered with a canopy of coconut palms and dense bushes, surrounded by mainland rivers on three sides and the sea on the other. One can approach it only at low tide, and strolls around the place give one a brilliant view of the confluence of the Anjarakandy and Thalassery Rivers.
The Baby Beach in Kannur, as the name suggests, is a tiny yet an extremely attractive beach along the shore of the Arabian Sea. Don't be mistaken by its name or size, it is a very happening picnic spot for the locals of Kannur and attracts the attention of many tourists with its panoramic view of the azure Arabian Sea. The Baby Beach is actually an extension of the Payamballam Beach. It is one of the rare rocky beaches where people sit on the giant rocks and stare into the mesmerising allure of the turquoise sea waters and rhythmic dancing waves.
People flock here to witness the tantalizing beauty of the sky during the sunset and the sunrise. Beholding the orange ball of fire emerging from the horizon and bringing the sky to blush in deep hues of magenta, the view of the sunrise from the Baby Beach is truly a soothing one. Even though you cannot actually take a dip in the waters from Baby Beach, the panoramic view of the palm-fringed beach and the endless Arabian Sea is more than enough to keep you gripped. Payyamballam Beach, St Angelos Fort, Kannur Lighthouse and the Lighthouse Museum are all very close to the Baby Beach and can be reached in less than 5 minutes.
A very popular and frequently visited temple of the south, the Sundareswara Temple in Kannur is essentially a place like heaven for all the Lord Shiva devotees. Here, Lord Shiva is worshipped and adulated as Lord Sundareswara, the 'God of Beauty'. Naming the temple Sundareswara was an attempt to remind every visitor that 'Everyone is beautiful' and that one should look for the beauty in everything. Famed as one of the largest temples in the Kannur district, this majestic temple was built in 1916, and its grandiose and splendor cannot be expressed in mere words. The interiors of this opulent temple are designed and decorated by the renowned artist and ardent Shiva devotee, Sri Chaithanyaall Swami.
Sree Narayana Guru, probably the most respected and esteemed social reformer of Kerala, who dedicated his entire life to help and uplift the deprived, came up with the initiative to build this temple and laid down the foundation brick himself. The idea behind it was to bring a social reform, where people from backward classes were no longer barred from entering places of worship. Building the Sundareswara Temple also aimed at putting an end to inappropriate methods of worship like practicing ruthless animal sacrifice and following irrational superstitions.
Kannur and its beaches have always captivated the hearts of any visitors. A spectacular specimen of the same is the Meenkunnu Beach, where golden sands and an idle sea await the opportunity to assail your senses. Watch the local fishermen, enjoy spicy treats from the surrounding shacks and let the solitude of the beach help you access the inner recesses of your soul. This great spot is a must visit for all who seek a refreshing dip in nature’s beauty in seclusion.
Kizhunna is a small fishing hamlet in Edakkad panchayath of Kannur district. Kizhunna and Ezhara are two beaches which have remained quite unnoticed by the public.
During the non-Monsoon period and when the sea is calm, these two beaches offer the best places for tourists to relax. These long beaches are known for sea trawling. Besides, the beaches have facilities for cycling.
Though tourists have started coming here, the facilities are quite inadequate. If developed properly, these two beaches - Kizhunna and Ezhara - would definitely attract international attention as any other beach.
The untouched beauty of Thottada beach makes it one of the most popular places to visit in Kannur. The beach is completely segregated from concrete jungles and offers a place full of serenity and tranquillity to its visitors. The cleanliness and solitude offered by this beach are truly unsurpassed.
Take a stroll along the pristine sandy beaches hand in hand with your partner and make some of the most romantic memories of your life. Nature lovers will find themselves completely at home and photography aficionados can take stunning photos of the natural vistas around.
The natural harbour of Mappila Bay (also Mapila bay, Mopila bay and Mappila beach) is a water inlet great for boat rides.One of the attractions in Kannur town, it is located in a touristy spot right next to Fort of St. Angelo (Kannur fort) and Arakkal Palace. Proximity to such monuments brings in more visitors.
Although Mappila bay is a sightseeing spot in its own right, a lot need to be done to bring it at par with the best of local tourist spots.A high wall extends into the sea from the adjacent Kannur Fort. It separates rough sea and inland water, so that boats could arrive inward and anchor safely.This wall has worked quite well for the fishing harbor and the port of Mapila bay.
Boating within the bay area is pleasant. However, if you are venturing away from the bay to inner sea, make sure the weather conditions will stay favorable.The placid coastal waters of the region can suddenly turn violent if weather conditions deteriorate.In its great past, Mopila bay served as a port. For several centuries it linked Malabar to foreign countries.
Today hectic activity of a thriving fishing harbour has taken over the coastal spot.After a period of decline caused by neglect Moppila bay bounced back to brisk activity as a regional fishing hub. A trade Pact signed between India and Norway opened doors to assistance. Much needed makeover thus saved the fishing harbour.No doubt Mappila bay is a scenic area of tourism potential. Unfortunately, nowadays it is more of a fishing harbour than a sightseeing spot.
Mridanga Saileswari Temple
Popularly known as Muzhakkunnu Mridanga Saileswari Temple, this is one of the most famous shrines dedicated to Goddess Durga in Kerala. Situated at Muzhakkunu in Kannur district, the Goddess here is believed to have two forms – Mridangaleswari and Sreeporkali.
Popular lore suggests that long ago, a Mridanga, a percussion instrument, fell on this spot from the heavens. Thus this site got the name 'Mridangashaila Nilayam' which means, the place where the Mridanga fell. Later on, it also came to be known as Muzhakkunnu.
The temple is the family deity of the royal dynasty of Kottayam (Kannur) and is the family temple of the legendary Pazhassi Raja. It was here that the renowned royal Kottayathu Thampuran composed famous Kathakali (dance drama) plays such as Bakavadham, Kirmeeravadham, Kalyanasaugandhikam and Nivathakavacha Kalakeyavadham.
Pallikunnu is another major town lying in the vicinity to Kannur nearly 3 km away. This town is best known for its ancient temple Shree Mookambika Temple, dedicated to Goddess Mookambika.
As per the belief, this temple was established by an Indian philosopher Adi Shankaracharya. It was him who first installed the idol in this temple. The presiding deity of the temple is believed to be representing three goddesses namely Saraswati, Mahalakshmi and Shakti. However, it is during the months of October and November that the temple attracts a large number of devotees during Navratra Festival. Another main attraction of the city is the Kanathoor Maha Vishnu temple.
Ezhimala is a 286-meter high hill, located surrounding a pristine beach. Situated at a distance of 38 km from Kannur in Payyanur, Ezhimala has a few carved stone structures, and the herbs found in this location are famous for their unusual medicinal properties.
The term Ezhimala is an amalgam of the words 'ezhu' and 'mala', which mean seven and peaks respectively. A popular hill station in the region of Kerala in southern India, this site also has a rich history associated with itself. The seven peaks are believed to have been dropped here by Lord Hanuman while he carried the Sanjeevani herb to Lord Lakshman.
The Naval Academy Ezhimala (NAVAC), which is the largest in Asia, was inaugurated here by the Prime Minister in the year 2009 on the 8th of January and is an essential feature of this tourist attraction. This destination also holds religious values for the Buddhist community, as it is believed that Lord Buddha had graced Ezhimala with his holy presence. With the scenic beauty and circuitous pathways, Ezhimala will steal your heart with its enchanting beauty.
Parassinikadavu Sri Muthappan Temple or Parassini Madappura Sree Muthappan Temple, which lies on the banks of the Valapattanam River, attracts people from all sections of the society; irrespective of religion or caste to the district of Kannur. One of the interesting facts is that, here dogs are considered to be sacred as it’s the vehicle of Lord Muthappan. One of the most sacred pilgrimsites in north Kerala, the temple provides free meals and accommodation to all visitors. The devotees are given boiled black beans and tea as Prasadam (devotional offering).
It is located about 10 km from Thaliparamba in Kannur District. The deity worshiped in this temple is Sree Muthappan, a personification of two Gods – Thiruvappana (Lord Vishnu) and Vellatom (Lord Shiva), who is said to have fought for the cause of the down trodden and forsaken his entire life. His life is best portrayed through a traditional dance known as Muthappan Theyyam. Fish and toddy are the customary offerings to Muthappan and they are distributed here. The temple is also famous for Theyyam, a ritual art that is performed here on a daily basis.
Tucked away in the verdant greenery of the Western Ghats and soaring at a dizzying altitude of 3500 feet above sea level, Palakayyam Thattu is one of the most beautiful hill stations in the entire state of Kerala. Adorned with luxuriously dense greenery, sky-touching trees and majestic hillocks, the view that Palakayyam Thattu enjoys is one that you will rarely find. Owing to its considerable altitude, this hill station is often visited by low hanging clouds that render the entire atmosphere misty and fresh!
The magnificent view of this hillock has made it one of the most popular trekking destinations in the south. Sipping on a cup of tea as you overlook the lavish foliage from the top is truly an experience that you will cherish forever. The entire climb up to Palakayyam Thattu is one that is cradled in the serene laps of nature- tranquil, and untouched by the worries of the world. Visiting this gorgeous hill station and basking in its remarkable view with your loved ones would be a perfect way to escape the monotony of our fast-paced city lives and indulge in some excitement and enjoyment.
Paithalmala or Vaithalmala is a hill station in the Kannur district. With an altitude of 4000 feet bove sea level, it is the highest peak in Kannur. Paithalmala is located in the Western Ghat mountain ranges, which runs parallel to the western coast of India, and is situated near Kerala-Karnataka border. Palakkayam Thattu another major tourist attraction in Kannur District is just a few kilometers away from here. Paithalmala is one of the best places in Kannur district if you are planning for a one day visit. It will only take less than one hour to reach the view point at Paithalmala. The cool and clam atmosphere here will make your mind refreshed.
These Mountain Ranges are renowned for their rich bio-diversity. The nearest town is Kudiyanmala and the nearest bus stop is Pottanplavu. This is a must visit place if you love adventure and trekking. You will feel closer to nature and surely like to visit again once you visit Paithalmala. Several waterfalls and mountain ranges adds the beauty of Paithalmala. One can have a wide view of both kerala and Karnataka from the top of this hill.
Peralassery Sri Subrahmanya Temple is a famous pilgrimage location about 14 km from Kannur. Lord Subrahmanya, the son of Lord Shiva, is the main deity worshiped at this temple. The idol is the serpent form of Lord Subrahmanya, and the chief offerings are eggs. Legend has it that this is a place Lord Rama and Lakshamana visited, during their quest to rescue Sita, on their way to Lanka (in the epic Ramayana). The massive temple pond and the annual Kodiyettam festival are the main attractions here. A visit here leaves one at peace and full of tranquil memories.
Vismaya Water Theme Park
Beautifully blended with exquisite nature and most modern technology .Vismaya open up new horizons in the world of thrill and triumph. Vismaya Water Theme and Amusement Park is a unit of Malabar Pleasures (India) Pvt Ltd, promoted by Malabar Tourism Development Cooperative Ltd with registered office at Parassinikadavu, Kannur, Kerala. Vismaya Water Theme Park is the one and only water theme park in India promoted by a Co-operative Society. Vismaya has incorporated state of art technology providing enjoyable moments for entire family and is uniquely blessed with amazing beautiful location – A visual treat for all guests who visit Vismaya. Carefully chosen special rides provides excitement and pleasure to all ranging from kids to teen, youth to couples, and adult to seniors.
Vismaya water theme park, one of the best amusement parks in India. Spread across 30 acres, it is filled with thrilling rides and water sports. A treat for both children and adults of all age groups. Come and enjoy a fun filled day with your family and friends.
Taliparamba, a small city in Kerala is situated at a distance of 25 km from the Kannur town. The Valapattanam River and Kuppam River flow through enhancing the natural beauty of the place. The city is surrounded by lush green fields all around along with ancient tile-roofed houses which together make the place appear so much more beautiful. The greenery offers a peaceful environment and a perfect getaway from the usual fast life of the city.
The city of Taliparamba is full of temples, mosques, and churches. However, the one which is most frequently visited by the tourists is the Taliparamba Sree Krishna Temple which is dedicated to Lord Krishna. A saint named Maharshi Shambara meditated here, and he is the one after whom the temple is named. The front elevation of the temple is simple, but as one gets inside the temple, the main chamber of the temple is filled with exquisite accompaniments belonging to the 15th and 16th century. Kanjirangad Vaidyanatha Temple, St. Mary's Forane Pilgrim Church and the Syed Nagar Mosque are some other tourist attractions in the city.
Taliparamba is an important trading center of hill produce and spices. The surrounding hills make the place appear much more beautiful. History has it has the origin of Taliparamba was the Perinchalloor Brahman settlement. Initially, there were 2000 Brahman families but eventually, all of them moved out leaving only 45 families today. Being rich in lush green lawns, crystal clear waters and rolling hills, the beauty of this city is unparalleled. The District Agricultural Farm, which evolved in the year 1905, and the hanging bridge at Kuttiyeri and Kooveri are famous in the city. Being a scenic beauty with so much to offer, this place is a must-visit.
Pappinisseri is a small hamlet in the Kannur district of God’s own country and is the perfect idyllic getaway from the lightning-paced lifestyle of modern cities. The beautiful village has a population of less than 35000 and is, therefore, the perfect place to spend a few days away from civilization in the arms of nature.
Surrounded by lovely green hills and showcasing various little islands in the river Baliapatam, natural beauty is at its full splendour in Pappinisseri. The Vadeswaram hills in the town are also known for their gorgeous scenic vistas.